The assessment of greenhouse gas emissions and harmful emissions into the atmosphere is an integral part of the industrial environmental control system for atmospheric air and is carried out on an annual basis for all the Group’s generating facilities. Greenhouse gases are measured in accordance with the Guidelines and Manual for the Quantification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Organizations Operating in Russia, which was approved by Order No. 300 of the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources dated June 30, 2015.
|64.783 thousand tons||The Group’s gross greenhouse gas emissions in 2020|
|-22 %||Reduction of direct greenhouse gas emissions compared with the 2019 level|
|-4 %||Specific greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 compared with 2019.|
The data on greenhouse gas emissions contained in the 2018–2020 Annual Reports was certified by an international auditor in accordance with International Standard 3410 ‘Assurance Engagements on Greenhouse Gas Statements’ issued by the International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board, and the relevant opinions on this were obtained.
The main reasons for reducing greenhouse gas emissions:
- An economically justifiable increase in the share of medium and high power condensing and combined cycle cogeneration plants and gas turbines in the structure of gas generating capacities (including the use of Russian gas turbine engines) with energy efficiency (performance factor or fuel equivalent consumption) and environmental safety (specific emissions) at the level of the best world counterparts.
- Improving the energy efficiency of equipment as part of the Program for Energy Saving and Enhanced Energy Efficiency.
The Inter RAO Development Strategy until 2025 with a View to 2030, which was approved in 2020, states that reducing specific CO2 emissions by 7% versus the 2019 level is a strategic goal. In addition, the new Strategy stipulates the need to introduce mechanisms to analyze and assess climate risks as well as conduct inventories of greenhouse gas emissions and reduce them.
Thanks to a wide range of measures, Inter RAO has reduced direct greenhouse gas emissions by 44% compared with the 2014 level (adopted as the baseline) and 22% versus the 2018 level. The Group’s gross greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 64.783 thousand tons in 2020. Specific greenhouse gas emissions amounted to 427 g of CO2/kWh in 2020, down by 4% compared with 2019.
Our approach to GHG emissions accounting has been revised since our response on CDP Climate Change 2020 Questionnaire following improvements to the data collection process. Such improvements include avoiding double counting between owned energy generation assets (Scope 1) and grid-delivered energy consumption in separate operations (Scope 2), which has been processed according to GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance (Chapter 5 “Identifying Scope 2 Emissions and Setting the Scope 2 Boundary”) and excludes intergroup energy flow, and collecting more accurate data regarding energy use in the offices. Therefore, our Scope 2 GHG emissions have been dropped by an order of magnitude in 2021.
|Scope 2 emissions in 2018||1 595 422|
|Scope 2 emissions in 2019||1 479 769|
|Scope 2 emissions in 2020||211 453|